A 10-Minute Guide to the 7 Chakras and Their Functions

by Victoria Wheeler

A 10-Minute Guide to the 7 Chakras and Their Functions

If you’ve ever taken a yoga class, listened to a guided meditation, traveled to an Eastern country, or even received a massage from a holistic massage therapist—chances are that you’ve at least heard of the 7 chakras. Perhaps you’ve even seen a chakra chart.

So you, like many of us, have likely been exposed to the 7 chakras, but do you really know what they are? If the answer is no, don’t fret, you’re not the only one at a loss on this subject. Today we’ll cover the basics in this 10-Minute Guide to the 7 Chakras and Their Functions (and their magickal correspondences).

The 7 Chakras Explained

The 7 chakras are energy points along the middle of your body, starting at your tailbone and ending at the top of your head. Some believe there are as many as 114 chakras in the body. However, the 7 chakras running along your spine that we most commonly speak of are the main chakras.

Practitioners believe it’s essential for the 7 chakras to stay open and aligned due to their connection to our physical health and emotional wellbeing. Blocked chakras can manifest through our physical and mental health in many unpleasant ways.

Each of the 7 chakras has a corresponding number, name, color, location along the spine, health focus, and some other magickal correspondences.

Each of the 7 Chakras Defined

Each of the 7 chakras has its own individual purpose, characteristics, and correspondences. We’ll discuss the details of each one to provide a basic overview of the 7 chakras.

First Chakra: The Root Chakra

Located at the base of the spine at the tailbone, the root chakra is all about stability, grounding, security, and endurance. Interestingly, this chakra also has a magickal correspondence of manifestation.

The color to activate the root chakra is red, and to balance it, black.

Not surprisingly, the moon phase associated with the root chakra is the full moon; this makes sense because the full moon is also associated with manifestation. 

The elemental correspondence of the root chakra is Earth, which also makes sense, as this chakra is all about stability and grounding.

According to practitioners, a blocked root chakra can manifest in physical ailments, such as bladder or colon difficulties, constipation, or arthritis. It could also manifest mentally or emotionally, causing you to stress about finances or be concerned about meeting your most basic needs.

Second Chakra: The Sacral Chakra

The sacral chakra lies just above the pubic bone but below the belly button. The sacral chakra is your center for sexuality, creativity, desire, fertility, passion, pleasure, abundance, and emotions.

Orange is the color that activates the sacral chakra, and brown balances it.

The moon phase associated with the sacral chakra is the waxing moon. The waxing moon has correlations with emotions and increasing energy, making sense that it’s related to this chakra.

The element associated with the sacral chakra is water, which makes perfect sense because the sacral chakra is the center for emotion.

Practitioners believe a blocked sacral chakra can present issues like impotence, low back pain, and urinary tract infections.

Third Chakra: The Solar Plexus Chakra

The solar plexus chakra sits higher in the abdomen, around the stomach. The solar plexus chakra governs pride, respect, willpower, personal power, authority, courage, confidence, energy, sensitivity, and transformation.

The color to activate the solar plexus chakra is yellow. The balancing color is yellowish-brown.

As with the sacral chakra, the moon phase associated with the solar plexus chakra is the waxing moon. The waxing moon is a sensible pairing for this chakra as well because the waxing moon is all about increasing energy, and this chakra has a lot of good energy to be amplified.

The elemental association for the solar plexus chakra is fire, which one could interpret in several ways. There’s the obvious interpretation of power, authority, pride, and respect having prominent associations with fire.

However, there is a possible additional magickal interpretation with the transformation aspect of the chakra. Phoenixes burst into flames when it’s time for them to die and are reborn from the ashes—a transformation. That’s a possible factor of the correspondence that has not been considered yet.

Healing practitioners believe that a blocked solar plexus chakra can cause digestive dysfunction, such as heartburn and ulcers.

Fourth Chakra: The Heart Chakra

The heart chakra sits right above the heart at the center of the chest. The heart chakra is the center for love, affection, balance, beauty, healing, compassion, empathy, mindfulness, and relationships.

The color green activates the heart chakra, and the colors pink or rose balance it.

There are two moon phases associated with the heart chakra, the new moon, and the full moon. The heart chakra aspects are about new beginnings and also bringing things to fruition.

The element associated with the heart chakra is air. The air association can be interpreted in more ways than we have time for in our 10-Minute Guide to the 7 Chakras and Their Functions, so suffice to say that it relates to manifestation, as well as nature and beauty.

According to healing practitioners, a blocked heart chakra can cause weight issues and problems with heart health. However, heart chakra blocks are noticeable by observing the actions of a blocked individual. Putting others first, even when it’s harmful to themselves, is a common behavior amongst people with blocked heart chakras.

The heart chakra is the middle chakra. It serves as a link or bridge between our lower and upper chakras. It also gives us the ability to connect with other people and love. If our heart chakra is blocked, it’s common to feel insecure, isolated, and lonely.

Fifth Chakra: Throat Chakra

As one would expect, the throat chakra is located in the throat, at the base of the neck. The throat chakra’s focus is on communication, creativity, inspiration, release, and truth.

The color to activate the throat chakra is blue or turquoise, and to balance it, aqua.

The moon phase associated with the throat chakra is the waning moon. This is a magickal correspondence having to do with the waning moon being related to divination (seeking the truth) and banishment (release).

The element associated with the throat chakra is air, which many believe is more literal than figurative. However, figuratively, it fits because air is associated with communication, inspiration, and knowledge.

Practitioners believe that issues with the throat, voice, gums, teeth, mouth, and the entire surrounding area could indicate a blocked throat chakra.

Sixth Chakra: The Brow Chakra

The brow chakra sits on the forehead between the eyes.

The brow chakra is more commonly known as the “third eye chakra” because practitioners believe that opening this chakra unlocks a gate that leads to a realm of higher consciousness.

Focuses of the brow chakra are clairvoyance, insight, illumination, psychic ability, visions, wisdom, intuition, imagination, clarity, clairaudience, and healing.

Indigo is the color that activates the brow chakra, and white is the color that balances it.

The brow chakra’s associated moon phase is the waning moon, which is a perfect match association due to the divination references.

The brow chakra is not associated with an element. It is the only of the 7 chakras to lack an elemental correspondence.

Many practitioners believe that blockages of the brow chakra will manifest as issues of the head, such as concentration problems, difficulties with hearing, or headaches.

Seventh Chakra: The Crown Chakra

The crown chakra sits at the top of the head. Its focuses are consciousness, cosmic energy, enlightenment, divine connections, illumination, wisdom, spirituality, and knowledge.

The colors violet and purple activate the crown chakra; gold and white balance it.

The moon phase associated with the crown chakra is the new moon, for new enlightenment, new illumination, new wisdom, and new knowledge.

The element associated with the crown chakra is air, for communication with divine connections, intelligence, and knowledge.

Practitioners believe the crown chakra links to all of the other chakras. It can affect the rest of the body’s organs and the nervous system and brain.

Final Thoughts on the 7 Chakras and Their Functions

This is not by any means everything you need to know about the 7 chakras. There are many more correspondences, such as planetary, zodiac, herb and garden, metal, crystal, deity, animal, sensory, oceanic, and sound correspondences to explore.

This is merely the quick-start version, exactly as titled: A 10-Minute Guide to the 7 Chakras and Their Functions. Hopefully, your interest is piqued, and you’re inspired to dig a little deeper. With some research and dedicated meditative practice, you could be on the way to your own Kundalini awakening.



Victoria is an eclectic witch based in the Midwest who stays actively involved in the online pagan community. When she’s not writing, you can find her offering guidance to less experienced witches and moderating large witchcraft groups and forums. Follow her adventures on Twitter at @witch_imightbe

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